MBBS Higher Study in the Turkey

Since weaknesses in scientific and technical and vocational education are a common theme in all discussions of the Turkish secondary school system, it is no surprise that there are weaknesses, too, in the organisation of further MBBS technical education and in Turkish science as a whole. The roots of the problem go back, of course, to Ottoman times but they extend through the republican period to the present.

Ottoman modernisation plans in the nineteenth century acknowledged the importance of MBBS and scholarship. In 1851 a Society of Knowledge (Encumeni Danis) was formed modelled on the Academie Francaise but it collapsed in 1862 (Lewis, 1961). The Ottoman Scientific Society was formed in 1861 and published scientific journals in which Western developments in science were reported. It was closed down in 1882 by Sultan Abdiilhamid.

In the twentieth century science has found a place in Turkish universities but the output of scientists was described by Bernard Lewis (1961) as late as 1961 as 'pitifully inadequate to the needs of a modern state and the volume of research well below the western level'. Successive five-year plans during the 1960s and 1970s have drawn attention to national shortages of technically trained personnel, particularly engineers (see Okyar, 1968). The need to develop MBBS technical education of all kinds and to move more resources in higher education into the applied sciences was the key theme which ran through the 1965 report of the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report on Turkey. This remains a persistent theme. A recent World Bank Report (1983) on Turkey identified low labour productivity as one of the key constraints on economic development.

These shortages are a reflection of long-standing preferences among school leavers for careers in social science, particularly law, poor facilities for MBBS education and, perhaps, a feeling among students that Turkish industry cannot employ scientists at levels or with salaries appropriate to their education (World Bank, 1975). They are a reflection, too, of inadequate provision of science education in Turkish schools. It was reported in 1972, for instance, that teacher.

The pattern of enrolments in universities and other institutes of MBBS higher education is further suggestive of these explanations. Science and engineering together still only make up barely one third of all higher education enrolments, a share of the total which has remained fairly stable over the past decade.

Lacking a strong national foundation of independent scientific research the education of those studying in higher education is not linked to developments in or the activities of scientific research. Although there are now twenty-seven universities in Turkey, university research is concentrated both in volume and quality in just a few of these institutions in the large cities of Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir. Universities outside these cities do very little research (Sardar, 1982).

Turkey does have, however, an extensive framework of scientific policy-making and research organisation. The main scientific institution is Tubitak, the MBBS of Turkey. Tubitak sponsors many research groups in the basic sciences, in engineering, medicine, veterinary sciences and agriculture. It sponsors research and seeks overall to improve the quality of Turkish science and technology and in particular the training of Turkish research personnel. Through Turdoc, the Turkish Scientific and Technical Documentation Centre, which was established in 1966, efforts are made to facilitate the use of scientific and technical information from Turkey and from abroad. Sardar (1982) has summarised its activities this way: Turkish science policy emphasises technology much more than science. There is great emphasis on the transfer of technology, and 'techno-logical' progress and 'socio-economic objectives of national economy' are seen purely in terms of transferring and securing Western technology.

It could hardly be otherwise given the world imbalance in scientific research and development and the dependence of modem science and technology on huge capital investments of a sort that poor countries simply cannot afford. Mehmet (1981) has suggested that this strategy of high technology industrialisation based on imported technology was a major cause of Turkey's poor employment record and therefore something which contributed to the political instability of the society.

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THE STRUCTURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN TURKEY

By 1971 Turkey had nine universities. Controlled and financed from the Ministry of Education the universities themselves, at least until  the 1980 military coup, were from 1946 onwards autonomous institutions. The structure of their academic work was heavily influenced by the model of German universities with a great deal of status and power being attached to the senior academics who held personal chairs. 

Scholarships in China for Metric students

Promotion was strictly regulated and slow and academic standards uneven. Low academic salaries were, in addition a strong cause for complaint among Turkish academics. Turkish criticism of the system during the 1960s focused on issues like overcrowding the inadequacy of lise graduates to the demands of university work, the lack of teacher-student contact and a reliance on formal teaching methods and limited text books, a method of teaching promoting memorisation and rote learning. Professor Okyar (1968), then the professor of Economics at Hacettepe University and former Rector of the Atatiirk university, criticised the universities in 1967 for poor standards of analysis, research and research training and low levels of exertion. 'Strong feelings', he wrote, 'and the stifling straightjacket of dogmatic thinking continue to influence attitudes and behaviour and the role of thinking in various ways'. The defence of autonomy, he felt, often prevented creative self-criticism and the system as a whole failed the economy in various ways. 

Alongside the universities there were, until recently, a number of high institutes providing specialist training for the professions and for commerce as well as teacher training colleges. Many of these institutions have been incorporated into the university system as new universities have been established. There are now twenty-seven universities in Turkey each one suffering from the problems of rapid expansion, poor resources and inadequate teaching and research. The system as a whole does not dovetail at all well with the needs of the country for scientific and technical personnel. As has already been stressed, universities have been at the centre of the political strife which has taken place in Turkish society. These questions, to be understood, have to be set against the social and economic developments of the post-war period which generated new strains in Turkish society and against the pattern of student recruitments to higher education.

After the Second World War Turkey became part of a new structure of international relations which was itself bound up with power bloc rivalry between East and West. In response to Russian pressure on it in 1946 Turkey became part of the Western alliance. The country received Marshall Aid from 1946 onwards from the United States. In 1949 Turkey joined the Council of Europe; a year previously it had joined the OECD and in 1952 became a full memberofNATO. From this period on (and following Turkish military involvement in the Korean War) the political, economic, military and educational links with the West have increased as has the volume of Western aid to the country. 

Within this international framework Turkish higher education received a great deal of significant help from both in bilateral and multilateral aid (Stirling, 1976). Examples of such aid include the help given by France to the University of Ankara to complete a hydraulic laboratory. The British Council offers help with language training for Turkish students. The Germans have financed management education projects in Ankara university. The Atatiirk University at Erzurum was helped considerably by a USAID programme involving staff from the University ofNebraska between 1955 and 1968 and the Middle East Technical University received considerable aid from diverse organisations, including USAID, CENTO, the Ford Foundation and OECD. 

Paul Stirling (1976,) had analysed the pattern of aid from the West under five headings: the training of students and staff in foreign universities; the bringing of foreign staff to Turkey; contact between Turkish universities and universities abroad; the provision of capital and buildings; and, finally, 'the provision of models of university life, academic values, assumptions, standards, organisations'. What emerges is a complex pattern of exchanges which defy complete description. It is a pattern with considerable benefit to Turkish universities but Stirling has cautioned about some of the disadvantages and dangers. They concern research priorities and, as one might expect, given the logic of science and technology transfer between countries grossly unequal in terms of material resources, the cultural integration of Turkish society itself. 

On the research question Stirling simply notes that almost all able Turkish staff in universities receive their research training abroad and return with research priorities defined in the West: Either by capturing domestic or foreign aid resources in Turkey, or by managing to finance regular visits abroad, they launch on research related not to the activities of other Turks, nor to their Turkish university, nor to the needs of Turkey. Many of Turkey's best university brains are, in horrific ways, clients of foreign universities, contributing yet further to the colossal advantage which the rich nations already enjoy in knowledge and research; the academic analogue of the Turkish emigrant workers. (Stirling, 1976). 

Stirling (1976,) asks: 'How far does the fact that so much of Turkish life is directly linked to foreign enterprises, models, institutions and sources of finance prevent Turkey from developing an indigenous natural culture of its own?'

In the absence of such a strong national frame of reference Turkish academics will face a dilemma of measuring their achievements against those of colleagues in the West and will always find their own achievement falls short on account of poorer resources, or, to deny the importance of such a comparison and risk not being part of an international order of science and scholarship. 

This particular dilemma highlights another, that of how the educated Turk should relate to his or her less educated countrymen. Stirling has noted that Western influence on Turkish society has been to increase the gap between the majority of Turkish people and the educated elite. The differences between villagers and recent urban migrants and the Western-educated groups in terms of such things as taste in music, art and leisure, in 'political convictions and assumptions, in personal morality, in cosmology and religious belief are vast' (Stirling, 1976). The basic expectations of the educated for a standard of life related to that of Europe are likely to increase their sense of difference from those whom they would claim to lead. These expectations, in any case, can only be met if the Turkish economy can be made to grow within an unequal distribution of incomes, forifthe less well off increase their share of national income then it will be at the expense of groups whose expectations for a high standard of living are already high. It is these groups who value higher education and they are the ones, too, who have been severely worried in the past decade by high levels of inflation. 

Ozay Mehmet (1983) has noted that Turkey in the 1970s had a grossly unequal pattern of income distribution, one of the worst in the world among middle-income countries. He claims, too, that the structure of income distribution is dominated 'by a top-heavy, selfserving cluster of bureaucratic political elites on the centre allied, on the one hand, with landowning provincial polity and, on the other, with urban-centred monopolistic interests who often earn large profits and indirect state subsidies through their dealings with SEE [State Economic Enterprises]' (Mehmet, 1983,). During the period of rapid inflation during the 1970s the group, including the free professionals made gains in their incomes while farmers, industrial workers lost significantly. Civil Servants, Mehmet claims, maintained their income share but since these economic difficulties corresponded with growing levels of unemployment there was much in the failure of turkeys development strategy and economic policies which fuelled political and revolutionary activity in the society. 

For those in the higher status positions a claim to being well educated is a major plank of their self-respect and educational differences are powerfully acknowledged status criteria in Turkish society. The educated represent and echo to the great as opposed to folk traditions of Turkish culture. Closer inspection of the pattern of recruitment to higher education shows that it follows the same logic as that of secondary education. The system favours the better off, those from urban as opposed to rural areas, where most of the lises are and the children of officials as opposed to those of peasants or workers. 

Andreas Kazamias (1966) noted in the 1960s that the pattern of opportunity in Turkey had the shape of a minaret, it was very narrow at the top. Those who succeed to higher education have first to be successful in the lise. In this way the inequalities visible at this level in the system are amplified. Regional inequalities in the distribution of secondary educational opportunities overlap with the inequalities of income and life style within the society and through this, influence considerably patterns of cultural transmissions, attitudes and opportunity in education. 

Education is perceived in Turkey to be a central avenue of mobility but one which confers prestige rather than high income (see Aral, 1980).1t seems also the case that opportunities for social mobility in Turkey since the Second World War have had a great deal to do with changes in the occupational structure of the society and migration to urban areas and less to do with real change in education. 

The few studies which do exist on social mobility in Turkey are small scale and really do not sort these issues out. Something of the pattern of educational mobility is indicated in a study of university admission by researchers in Ankara. The survey, carried out in 1976 showed that one-third of applicants were from rural areas. One-third were women (although women constituted less than one-tenth of the applications from rural areas). One-third of all applicants and nearly one-half of those who passed the entrance examinations were from three large urban centres - Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir. Applicants from upper income families were much more likely than those from poor backgrounds to pass the examination (Ozgediz, 1980). 

There is little reason to be surprised by these patterns; they are the predictable outcome of a system of social stratification in a society which has always had a well-developed state and administrative apparatus and an undeveloped economy. The challenge to education planners in Turkey is to secure changes of a kind which are consistent with longer-term needs in the economy for trained personnel but which, in the short term, are politically feasible. The strong demand from lise graduates for places and political pressures, particularly from the provinces, that this demand should be met is difficult to square with national economic needs for better trained technicians and for a higher output of scientists and engineers.  

The root issue here is the possibility of scientific and technological development in Turkey in a way which limits the country's dependency on outside aid. Critical to whether the country can mobilise its own scientific resources to develop its rich natural resources are the broad policies for science and education and research being followed. What these policies themselves can be is something constrained not just by available resources but by attitudes, expectations, and strategies of economic development.  

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Cheapest Turkey Universities for Pakistani Students

Overview

Turkey is a country linking two entirely different civilizations of Eastern Europe and Western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Students from different cultures visit Turkey for study purposes. Turkish universities are top ranked in the world and have a lot of low tuition fees, ranging from 600US$ to 1500US$ per year. Even the cost of accommodation is also on the low side approximately at 300US$ to 400US$ per month. In this article you will know about the Turkish universities with extremely and relatively low tuition fees for international students.

Cheapest Turkey Universities for Pakistani Students

why study in Turkey

the quality and standard of the higher education system in Turkey has changed and highly developed in the last few decades. According to the reports of The Times Higher Education BRICS and Emerging Economies Rankings 2014; in the international university ranking list seven (7) Turkish universities were in the top 100 and three (3) of them were in the top ten (10) and these Turkish universities are still progressing and developing. Now the Turkish universities are also offering a variety of programs in English language like Medicine, Engineering, Humanities, Business and Finance, Arts and Technology, etc. Furthermore, the rate of tuition fees is much cheaper at public universities than private universities.

List of cheapest Turkish universities and colleges:

Here is the list of cheap tuition universities and colleges in Turkey:

  • Mugla University

Mugla Sitki Kocman University, established in 1992 is a public university with the faculty of Arts & Sciences and Humanities. Moreover, there is the faculty of Economics and Administrative sciences, the faculty of Technical Education and the Faculty of Fisheries. The university provides the vocational training facilities, also support the research programs in various fields of the social, natural, and pedagogical sciences and as well as in the areas of the Arts and Humanities. This university provides meaningful education with extremely low tuition fees and several scholarship programs are also available.

  • Mustafa Kemal University

A non-profit public university, Mustafa Kemal University was established in 1992. This public university is located in the rural areas of the large town of Antakya. This university provides fully funded scholarship to the international students.

  • Near East University (Cyprus)

The Near East University was established in 1988 and is located in Nicosia which is the capital of North Cyprus. Being a public international higher education institution, this university employ highly qualified staff and also offers highly extensive undergraduate and postgraduate education opportunities. More than twenty-six thousand (26,000) students come here from over 100 countries. 

The Near East University comprises 16 faculties having 220 departments and programs. There are four high schools, 28 research institutes and various foreign memberships.

  • Nigde University

Nigde University is situated in the most famous area of the Turkey, Central Anatolia. This university is located six kilometers away from Nigde and is a famous public university of Central Anatolia with more than 14,000 students and more than 1100 staff members for these students. It is the cheapest university in Turkey in which international students can apply and can get their degrees almost free of cost.

  • Okan University

The most famous public university of Istanbul is Okan University. It is the only city that connects two continents and different civilizations of Europe and Asia. More than 8000 students study in Okan University. This university offers around 52 undergraduate programs, 27 graduate programs and 5 Ph.D. programs. Total 5 faculties and 2 graduate schools of applied sciences and health science are present in this University.

  • Dicle (Tirgris) University

The Dicle University is basically a research and higher education institute. In this university, students can study any academic degree from the following different programs; architecture, Arts and Design, Biosciences, Business, Chemical engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, History, Economics, Finance and Accounting, Language, Medicine, Law, Physics and many other courses are studied are here.

  • Dogus University

Dogus university was established in 1974. This was originally a High School at the same level of the Anatolian High School. With the high school there were the primary school, Acibadem Kindergarten, the science high school, and Çamlica Kindergarten were also established within the following years. Dogus university providing quality education from Kindergarten to university level is the last link.

  • Dumlupinar University

Dumlupinar university was established on July 3, 1992. Therefore, it is one of the newest universities in Turkey. It is also one of the cheapest universities in Turkey providing quality education to national and international students.

  • Eastern Mediterranean University (Cyprus)

In Eastern Mediterranean University students must have to pay full tuition fee for the first semester. More details will be available on the issued admission letter of the student. Installment payment method is only available to the students who are already registered. 

  • Erciyes University

Erciyes is also among the cheapest universities that international students can apply for. It is a Turkish institute of Higher Education. Erciyes university is situated in Kayseri, Turkey. According to the reports of 4 April 2006, total 28,474 students were currently studying for their bachelor’s and postgraduate degrees.

  • Fatih University Tuition Fees

It is basically a private university situated in Istanbul, Turkey. It was established in 1997 by the Turkish Health and Medical Treatment Association. There are different faculties opened in the Fatih University, which are following 

  • The faculty of Arts and Science
  • The faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences
  • The faculty of Engineering 
  • The faculty of Medicine 
  • The institute of Social Science
  • The institute of Science and Engineering 
  • The institute if Medical Science
  • The institute of Biomedical Engineering
  • Nursing School and Vocational School of Medical Sciences

 

  • Ataturk University

It was a project proposed by the founder of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. He spoke about the importance of education and utmost need of establishing a large university in Eastern Anatolia during his Inauguration speech at National Assembly on 1st November 1937 and also gave instructions for further proceedings.

  • Baskent University

Baskent university is among the cheapest universities that international students can apply for. In this university students have to pay two equal installments before the spring and fall semester courses. 

  • Karadeniz Technical University

Karadeniz technical university was established in 1955 and is situated in Trabzon, the Black Sea Region of Turkey. It is basically a research university and fourth oldest university in Turkey. It is also a cheapest university in which students can apply for.

  • Kirikkale University

Kirikkale university is one of the cheapest universities that international students can apply for. It was established on 3 July 1992. There are various faculties in this university. 

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Salary And Job Opportunities For MBBS Doctors In Turkey

After 2011, Turkey allowed the foreign doctors to work in Turkey because of the shortages of doctors in the private sector. In comparison to Europe, where 340 doctors are working for 100,000 inhabitants.

Job Opportunities For MBBS Doctors In Turkey

And in Turkey, the number of doctors is 156  per 100,000 persons. That’s why Turkey is seeking to increase the number of doctors by inviting foreign doctors. But there are some requirements to be fulfilled by the foreign doctors.  

We will discuss all these requirements and conditions for specialist doctors to work in Turkey. All these requirements are:

1)Learn the Turkish language.

2) Pass the STS exam paper.

3) Complete the mandatory training.

4) Pass the oral test in the field of your speciality.

5) Work for three months under supervision.

Here Are The Details For Foreign Doctors work In Turkey.

  1. Prepare the paperwork necessary to apply for equivalence to the Turkish Higher Education Minister. 
  2.  Attested Bachelor's degree from your country's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  3. Attested transcript
  4. Certification of high school
  5. Your passport photocopy.

In Turkey, however, foreigners need to obtain equivalence with their occupation. In compliance with Article 5 of the Law on the principles and procedures of the employment of foreign medical practitioners in private medical organizations, the following criteria needed to be fulfilled by a medical professional:

  • A.  Having received diplomas or certificates of competency for the related branch of medicine and documents from the Health Ministry,
  • B. The non-existence of any legal obstacle for the medical profession,
  • c. Ability to speak the Turkish language,
  • d. Having received residence and work permits in accordance with the laws.
  • E. A professional liability insurance for medical doctors.

Ii. Application Procedure

The practitioner shall apply before the institution where he is willing to work in compliance with the Law on Principles and Procedures of Foreign Medical Professionals ' Working in Private Medicinal Organisations in Turkey. After that, the officials will further refer his application to the establishment manager concerned to the appropriate provincial health directorates.

  1.     Documents proving diploma equivalence and certificates of competence.
  2. A certificate that shows the results of success at least B grade or above in the Turkish Proficiency exam, which is held by Turkish Teaching Application and Research Centers of universities. The certificate can be given in to until the end of one year after the application. This is not required by the person who has been graduated from the educational institutions offering education in Turkish.
  3. CThe documents of nationality show evidence that no legal procedure has been taken for the medical profession. These documents are not required for those who graduated from educational institutions in Turkey.
  1. D. A contract of employment between foreigners and private medical organizations showing the physician's monthly salary.

After the above, the Ministry of Health analyzes the suitability of the application and grants approval for employment. 

Iii. Get The Registration From The Chamber Of Medical Doctors

Medical doctors who did not work in public institutions and organizations are required to register with the Medical Chamber under the Turkish Medical Association Act, whereas this registration must be completed within one month from the starting date of their work. This obligation applies also to foreign doctors who have obtained equivalency for the first time. Such registration is voluntary for those employed by public institutions and organizations. Medical chambers require an equivalency certificate, a Ministerial certification, a certificate of residency, and work permission.

Specialist Doctor's salary in Turkey

The minimum salary ranges from 3000 - 5000 dollars according to the experience. Experience impacts a lot on salary. For example, Experienced will have: + 31%, Mid-Career get + 9%, and Entry-Level get15%. However, the best places to find a jobs in Turkey are Ankara (capital city), Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa, Antalya.

Salary for Medical Doctor in Turkey: - USD 1755, The average wage in Turkey, US $ 545.

Let's look in detail:

Usually, a person who is working as a Doctor or Physician in Turkey earns around 45,700 TRY per month.

Salary ranges from the lowest 20,600 TRY to the highest 77,700 TRY.

This is the monthly average salary, covering rent, travel, and other benefits. Pay scales between the different doctors and physicians vary dramatically. 

Salary for starters

In Turkey, Doctor or Physician salaries range from a minimum of 20,600 TRY per month to 77,700 TRY.

Salary for Mid-carrier

The middle experience salary is 43,000 TRY per month, which means that half (50%) of people working as a Doctor or Physician are earning less than 43,000 TRY while the other half are making more than 43,000 TRY.

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Amazing offer to study free in Turkey in 2020

Greetings!

Turkish Government has announced the scholarship for the next academic year of 2020. This is a fully-funded scholarship which consists:

MBBS free in Turkey in 2020

  • Air ticket for arrival and departure Turkey
  • Free admission in your desired university
  • Fully funded tuition fee for the whole degree
  • Monthly allowance or scholarship according to your degree level
  • Monthly allowance for your accommodation
  • Free one-year Turkish language course

The other conditions are quite simple. It is a golden chance for those students who have set their hearts to study abroad. However, the application process and selection procedure are quite easy. Students are not required to attend the expensive and difficult tests, such as IELTS, TOEFL and, GRE. Even there isn’t any definite criteria and exam for the selection of students. No application fee is required. The only requirement for admission is that you must have a good performance in your previous exam.

Please note that this scholarship is only available for Bachelor, Masters, and Ph.D. levels. Those students who have freshly completed their intermediate can also avail of this offer. You can also apply for this opportunity even if you have been admitted to any other university in your home country. Therefore, if any student in your relatives or friends has completed their Intermediate, Bachelor's or Master’s degree and they want to study further in Turkey, then they must hurry up to apply and completely submit their academic documents urgently.

Following documents are required to apply for this scholarship:

  • All the marks sheets and certificates of previous academic years
  • A reference letter of any of your teacher or professor from your institute
  • National Identity Card or B-Form
  • A passport having minimum validity of six months
  • Certificates of curricular or extra-curricular activities which you have achieved during your studies

Procedure to apply for this scholarship

Interested candidates can apply for this scholarship by the following procedure:

  • If the candidate does not have a national identity card or passport, then apply immediately which you could get before 20 February.
  • Get the thoroughly scanned copies of all the required copies.
  • Register your application through your Gmail account at the Turkish scholarship site.
  • Enter all of your information correctly in the application and attach all the required documents.
  • After the completion of the application, the website will show you universities and programs according to your academic level. You can choose a university and study program according to your interests.
  • When the application is completely filled out than a “submit” option will be shown by the site. After submitting, the application will enter into further proceedings.
  • It is not necessary to complete the application at once; you can complete your application at different intervals.
  • After submitting your application will enter in scrutiny procedure and if your application is accepted then you will be informed through email. You will be guided for further process in the email.
  • The application link is the following:

https://turkiyeburslari.gov.tr

So do not be late, it a good deed for the welfare of those students who can and want to study abroad for free, if you are not eligible for this offer. Keep it in mind that other than sciences and art; medical sciences, law, commerce, and technology courses are also included in this program. If you need any suggestions, advice or further MBBS in Turkey guideline please WhatsApp us your information on this number +905539156902. The last date to apply for this scholarship is 20 February 2020. Interested students can apply before the closure of the due date.

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Can international students study nursing in Canada

A world education hub

Canada has obtained the top ranking country in the United Nations. Canada is populated for the high and quality educational standards within the government and private colleges but lots of nursing colleges are located in Canada for the Pakistani and international students.

nursing in canada

Canada is the dream destination for pakistani and international students because Canada has the highest quality education system in the world, the cost is much less as compared to the UK and USA.

Canadian Healthcare system

Do you want to live in Canada and are you looking for a standard? The living standard of Canada is so higher as compared to other countries. It offers so many healthcare facilities to the citizens. Canada is also facing the issue shortage of talent nurses towards the other developing countries. Now Canada is increasing the demand for nursing talent.

If you are searching for how many nurses will need Canada in the 2020 year. so , WSL Consultants have the estimation ratio for nurses stuff. Canada'll need minimum of 66,000 talent nurses.

The aging population is growing in Canada. Due to this reason, The demand for talented nurses is growing fast.Canadian healthcare system ensures the inflow of talented nurses, lots of nursing top colleges also offer the nursing programs for pakistani and international students.

Health Culture in Canada

Culture is a central concept for community health nursing. WSL Consultants explore the different meanings of culture, and ethnic and racial diversity. We also analyze how these meanings influence our own understanding of communities and how they intimately influence community health nursing practice. We begin with assumptions about the culture and definitions of associated concepts, and continue with an overview of diversity in Canada, including immigrant and migrant health.

Health promotion in Canada

Canada is credited with being the birthplace of the worldwide health promotion movement. Health promotion is a complex social and political process that has been the focus of much international discussion over the last few decades; however, many of large scale potential benefits of health promotion have yet to be realized. Numerous complex factors have affected the advancement of health promotion.

Nursing Process

Community health nurses(CHNs) care for people where they live, learn, play, worship, and work. Their goal is to improve the health of Community by promoting, preserving, and protecting the health of individuals, families, aggregates, and populations. Their practice includes promoting health, building individual or community capacity, connecting and caring, facilitating
health equity, and demonstrating professional responsibility and account-abiltity. When entering the practice of Community health nursing, novice nurses often ask," What does caring for a community mean?" Where and how do I begin?" and "What is a health Community ?'

Necessarily required documents

You’ll require the some documents which are compulsory for your admission in the Canadian universities. These documents are listed below:

  • Your latest 2020 passport
  • English proficiency qualification
  • Documented proof of your parents resources who you are funding for your studies.

Nursing colleges in Canada for Pakistani and international students

For international and Pakistani students, the best and quality places where students can study for nursing in Canada.

University of Ottawa, Western University, University of Calgary, Queen’s University, McGill University, University of British Columbia, University of Alberta and University of Toronto.

Are you planning to study for nursing in Canada in these top ranked universities which are mentioned above. WSL Consultants will play his role for your nursing admission. We’ll ensure every step is right for your nursing admission.

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Can you work while studying in Toronto, Canada

Minority Development in Toronto, Canada

Toronto’s visible ethnic diversity is relatively new. The majority of residents prior to World War Two were British and French descendants who permanently settled in the city in the late eighteenth century.

work and study in Canada

In the first major wave of modern immigration from 1946 to the late 1960s, due to a system that encouraged family sponsorship, chain migration of Western European groups were common, with the Italians , Portuguese and Greeks the largest cohorts. Typically, the majority of immigrants who arrived during this period had close knit family and friend connections. In addition, many came with little study and work in Canada upon arrival to the city.

Many of us arrived from small rural, impoverished towns [in Italy] . . . our formal education was very low. Most of us could not even speak English. Even today, my English isn’t very good.

At the time, there were few public programs in place to assist immigrants to integrate to Toronto. This resulted in many first-wave immigrants relying on their close connections to assist in the integration process, which in turn, had the unintended consequence of reducing their incentive to learn English, since their main mode of communicating in their social milieu was in their native language. Due to the relatively low education levels and for many, the inability to speak English fluently, many first-wave immigrants, mostly men, filled positions as manual laborers, craftsmen, mechanics and miners.

Commentators have suggested the manual labor skills these groups possessed is one of the predominant reasons why the Canadian government and the city of Toronto welcomed them (See Delovie 2000). The end of World War Two brought an enthusiastic interest in revitalizing, modernizing and building Toronto through the construction of roads, railways and infrastructure. Taking advantage of the depressed economies and high unemployment rates in Western Europe, Canada encouraged immigration from this region, with many Western European governments—especially Italian and Greek—even assisting in actively promoting temporary and permanent emigration to Canada since it provided relief to their ravaged domestic economies.

With an increase in the ethnic diversity of Toronto’s population, policy responses became necessary to meet the demands and concerns of the changing population, and these can be traced in three distinct phases. With the advent of the 1971 policy on multiculturalism, the first phase stressed cultural reinforcement in public activities. Facing pressures to assimilate, many ethnic groups sought public support during this phase to maintain their traditions and heritage. For example, ethnic minority groups were supported by the government to bring their “cultures” into public activities in events such as Black History week6 (See Canadian Heritage 2006) or Caribana, a festival dedicated to capturing the spirit of the Caribbean peoples living in Toronto. By the late 1970s, the increasing number of ethnic groups living in close proximity to each other fostered policy responses to strengthen inter-group relations in the city. In the background, there was a growing concern that discriminatory attitudes based on negative attitudes by the dominant population toward ethnic minority groups were restricting inclusion and integration. There was “a feeling that the dominant group . . . was trying to exclude others, maintain control, or limit ethnic group participation” (Kyrugly-Smolska 1997: 2). Community institutions from media to business were not recognizing the full participation of all.

As a consequence, Toronto’s public institutions were encouraged to setup and participate in diversity training programs that sensitized individuals to ethnic differences. The end goal of these programs was to “open-up” public institutions to greater ethno-cultural diversity in both the content and delivery of its service. Finally, in the third phase from the late 1980s to mid-1990s, antidiscrimination policies were strongly emphasized. This phase is marked by public policies in Toronto that sought to combat racism, which was also particularly featured in other larger Canadian urban centers such as Vancouver or Montreal.

The central issue during this phase was that racism based upon physical characteristics had not been sufficiently addressed in policies of multiculturalism. Anti-Black and anti-Asian prejudices in the workforce and in everyday life, though sometimes subtle, were present and became a public issue. Media campaigns, increased ethno-cultural activities in schools, and diversity training in the workforce were anti-discrimination initiatives initiated by both the province of Ontario and city of Toronto. The non-European ethnic groups that dominated second-wave immigration to Toronto largely differed from the first wave, since they were more formally educated and experienced in skilled occupations.

This was the result of a more stringent process in accepting immigrants based on a points system which rewarded skills and education, to the extent that 80 percent of newcomers to Toronto are secondary school graduates and 40 percent have completed university (City of Toronto 2001b).

You're pakistani student in Toronto, Canada but you are looking for a job that you can work during study in Canada.

Wsl consultants can answer your every question in this article and we can help you work during studying. Firstly, you need to get a study permit which will include the work condition off and on campus. You'll also meet the other requirements.

Work off or on campus

If the Pakistani students have a study permit holder, they can be able to work off or on campus without obtaining the work permit. You’ve to make sure that you meet all the requirements before your job.

If you want to get a work permit for Canada. WSL Consultants can easily help with your work permit during the study.

Don't want to wait! just call on this #: 0323-8451958

How to get admission for scholarships in MBBS in Turkey?

Turkey is an Islamic country and it has good friendly relationships with Pakistan. Therefore, mbbs in turkey for Pakistani can avail different mbbs scholarships in turkey in various degree programs. Different medical programs from bachelor to PhD level are offered by Turkish medical universities. Universities of Turkey are highly ranked in world. Out of top ten universities in the world there are three Turkish universities, and seven universities in top hundred universities in the world. Mostly Turkish universities are independent and they assemble their own academic calendar but funding and policies are made by The Council of Higher Education. The academic year often starts from September and lasts in June.

study in turkey

However, the registration process for admission in MBBS start from January or from June in different universities. For registration or enrollment purposes student must sign up in the desired university website. Then provide the academic information and collect following documents.

  • First scanned page of passport
  • One photograph which must be passport size including white background
  • Scanned educational certificates and marks sheets of matric and intermediate
  • Registration and Entrance exam deposit, which is refundable in condition student don’t get enrollment

How to apply for MBBS in Turkey?

The application process varies for one country to another country. Registration or enrollment starts from the first week of the January. The complete process for applying in MBBS in Turkey is as following:

  • The student must sign up at the medical university website
  • Application form for mbbs in turkey for international students
  • Must collect all the academic documents or certificates
  • First page scan of legal and valid passport
  • One passport size photograph including white background
  • Scanned copies of all the educational documents, certificates and marks sheets of matric and intermediate classes
  • Registration deposit and entrance exam fee. If the student doesn’t get enrollment, then the fee is refundable
  • Visa fee paid receipt
  • Certificate in English language like TOEFL and IELTS for language proficiency.
  • Passed entrance exam or entry test
  • Acceptance letter from the university
  • Financial guarantee letter from the bank
  • Student’s resume or CV
  • Students national identity card
  • Home address and family information
  • Student’s E-mail ID and Guardian or Emergency contact details

How to do MBBS in Turkey

Turkish universities offer different scholarships to pakistani students. These mbbs scholarships for pakistani students in turkey are provided on the base of marks in intermediate and entrance exam. Pakistani students can avail various scholarships to compensate the tuition fee and other expenditures. There are various medical courses or programs offered by the universities with varying duration of course. For example, the duration of the Bachelor of Medicine program lasts six years and starts every September. Tuition fee for this program is about 22000 US$/year.
Preventive medicine and forensic medicine are also famous and the average tuition fee for these programs is 3600 Euros/year. Nearest East University of Turkey offers five programs in health and medicine.

  • DDS. Dentistry, Mersin, Turkey Campus
  • MD. Medicine
  • Bachelor in Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Master in Pharmacy
  • DVM, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

These courses also vary in duration and tuition fee. MD. Medicine costs 12600 Euros/year and its duration is about six years. Bachelor in Nutrition and Dietetics lasts for four years and average fee for program is 5600 Euros. Master in Pharmacy duration is five years and its average fee is 8600 Euros per year. Doctor of Veterinary or DVM is offered by the faculty of veterinary medicine and average fee is 8600 Euros per year and its duration is five years.

How to study MBBS in Turkey

Pakistani students who desire to earn their MBBS degrees or any other medical course from a prominent university or college in the world, then they can find Turkey a best destination. Medical universities of Turkey are top ranked throughout in the world. Turkey is also a brother Islamic country of Pakistan. Therefore, Pakistani students can avail numerous scholarships offered by Turkish universities and the Council of Higher Education to accommodate their expenses.
The total duration of medical courses in Turkey is six years. This duration consists of:

  • Preclinical term
  • Clinical term, and
  • Internship

In condition you want to become a surgeon then the student must study five more years.
Pakistani students can study Master of medicine or MBBS in huge number of courses. Some of the courses or programs are:

  • Oncology
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Family Medicine
  • Forensic Sciences
  • Nephrology
  • Neurology
  • Cardiology
  • Hematology
  • Endocrinology
  • Genetics
  • Physiopathology
  • Intensive Care
  • Metabolic Diseases, etc.

The list of these courses or programs is really very long. It is the choice of the student which course s/he wants to study. The average fee of every course is about 3500 US$/year for study mbbs in turkey for pakistani students.

Don't want to wait! just call on this #: 0323-8451958
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Scholarships in China for Metric students in Beijing Vocational Institute, China

Scholarships in China for Metric students

China is offering scholarships for Metric and Intermediate students, China is a rich country in educational and economic backgrounds, China is one of the developing countries which offer Semi-funded and Fully-Funded scholarships to almost all the countries of the world.

China offers different vocational courses to metric, intermediate students. These courses are on scholarship based. WSL Consultants will find an enormous collection of China scholarships. Beyond this, students can remain updated about newly coming scholarships when they sign up for email alerts on our website.  Please check the detail of scholarship.

FREE STUDY IN CHINA
ON CONFIRM SCHOLARSHIPS
NO WIN NO FEE

 Diploma and Degree Programs
For Metric & Intermediate students
For More Information .

Call Now:
0321 4454543
Same on Whats app
Call Time: 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM

Institute: Beijing Vocational Institute, China

Scholarship for Metric student who will study for 7 years

Scholarship for Intermediate student who will study for 5 years

Courses:

  • International Trade Major
  • Computer Application Technology
  • Internet of things application technology

Cost and Expenses:

 THERE IS NO TUITION FEE 

Student will pay hostel fee, medical, insurance and books charges according to following detail.

2500 RMB        PKR: 55000 hostel fees / year
800 RMB          PKR: 17600 Medical
600 RMB          PKR 13200 Insurance fee
Remaining fee is for Books + seminars+ Activities

TOTAL Fee is: 5000 RMB:     PKR 110,000 (Aprox)

Advance Consultancy Fee        50,000 PKR  (Refundable in case student don’t get admission)

Remaining Consultancy Fee:   200, 000 PKR after visa.

Terms & Conditions which may apply:

  1. Scholarships are partially funded; the decision is made by scholarship authorities for award of scholarship.
  2. University and scholarship body can be refused, and then we will refund your amount.

Required Documents:

  • Passport first page scan
  • White background picture
  • Educational documents Copy notarized
  • Study Plan
  • Two recommendation letters from teaches of previous institute
  • CV
  • Job Experience letter notarized
  • Physical examination from Government hospital.

 

Don't want to wait! just call on this #: 0323-8451958

MBBS in Kyrgyzstan Top Universities of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has top universities for MBBS studies. Few are following:

  • International Medical University, Kyrgyzstan
  • The International School of Medicine ISM, University of Kyrgyzstan

International Medical University, Kyrgyzstan

IMU Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, IMU Bishkek International Medical University, Established in 2016 Based-in Bishkek Town, Kyrgyz Republic. IMU Bishkek The WHO & Worldwide Students are be suitable for PM&DC, MCI & ECFMG Certifications. 

IMU Kyrgyzstan International student registration completed in 2017 and issued05-year M.B.B.S (BACHELOR OF MEDICINE & BACHELOR OF SURGERY) /MD (Medical Doctor) in English Medium.

The International Medical University IMU unlocks there gates to applicants into the aforementioned sectors:

Nursing (MBBS), 

Dental service (BDS), 

Pharmacy. 

Adopting the curriculum authorized by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan in these fields and compliance with national education necessities, the IMU has progressed a special extensive college grounds where healthcare, educational and technological educational centers are established with equipped labs and accommodation.

Ranking of IMU Kyrgyzstan is higher than most other research institutions in the country. The University's covered area comprises 27 acres, including college parking, pharmaceutical research schools, athletics, and resources for society The system of education blends its holistic strategy with the emerging technology and classes. Throughout the state, formal, and English languages, presentations and technical courses were held. On graduation, the State level is given a certificate in higher medical education.

International Medical University IMU, created by the decision of the sole founder of LLC dated July 14 2016 in Bishkek.

MTN is registered as a legal entity in the Ministry of Justice, registration number 160149-3301, Ltd. on July 18, 2016.

The license given by the Kyrgyz Republic Education ministry and Science for the operation of higher education activities dated 14 September 2016. The LD code 160000696, number 16/0385 in the database.5 Years Program.

  • No Donation
  • MCI/PMDC Preparation from 1st Year
  • USMLE Based Syllabus & Preparation
  • Fees Only $1600/Semester
  • Biggest Campus in Kyrgyzstan

The campus has all the requirements to truly entertain itself in the process of learning. Students attend uni not just in Kyrgyzstan, but also in places like Pakistan, India, Tajikistan, Palestine, the Russian Federation, Mongolia, South Korea, Europe, USA, Great Britain, Russia, Ukraine, Afghanistan, Japan, Nepal, Myanmar, Turkey, Syria, etc. International Medical University is a multi-level education program.

Description of IMU, Kyrgyzstan International Medical University:

  • Lowest & affordable Kyrgyzstan MBBS fee schedule.
  • More than 1000 students from foreign countries (India, Nepal, Pakistan and others) undertake admission in MBBS & MD. 3. The MBBS degree period is five years, which includes 1 year of medical experience (4 + 1).
  • The International College of Medicine of Kyrgyzstan has 03 allied hospitals.
  •  Your gradation is compatible with PM&DC / WHO / MCI standards and is equal to that of WHO medical qualified alumnae.

The International School of Medicine ISM, University of Kyrgyzstan

The International Medicine School ISM, University of Kyrgyzstan delivering MBBS & MD in English language. The primary catalyst for the creation of the college was a proposal to overhaul the Kyrgyz education system and improve the productivity for local Institutes, resulting in the ISM management and faculty's main focus on developing a modern, creative educational establishment that can deliver elevated-quality training.

Presently, the ISM in Kyrgyzstan is a contemporary university with wide-ranging arrangement, trained staff and faculty who are worldwide and some of them internationally famous experts in dissimilar medical fields, qualified medical organizations and departments. 

15 years before, the first registration was only thirteen, while the college currently has about 3,500 students. Most of our undergraduates are foreigners: China, Pakistan, South Korea, Nigeria, Malaysia, Russia, Ukraine, Afghanistan, Japan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Turkey, and Syria. therefore English is an instructional language.

Fee Structure 2020-21 for MBBS/MD in (ISM)

MBBS program length in ISM: 5 years incl. internship entry fee with documentation = 300 U$D

Points of importance: 

  1. The candidate must reimburse the embassy fee roughly. 70$U$D alone upon landing at Bishkek Airport. 
  2. Fee will be paid at ISM, University of Kyrgyzstan on the very first day of entry.
  3. Students will follow the availability and fee policy of the hostel as advised by the official university.
  4. Students will provide themselves with the air ticket, food expenses, and stationary.
  5. Students will pay the fee & insurance fee for the Residence Permit from 2nd year onwards on their own.
  6. PM&DC & MCI rules and regulations will be followed by Pakistani & Indian students.
  7. Students must obey the policies of Kyrgyzstan's college and education department.
Don't want to wait! just call on this #: 0323-8451958